Working Process of Gasify Continuous Carbonization Furnace:
After extruded from the rod machine, the carbonization of rod materials can be 3 steps: low temperature damp exhaust--high temperature calcination--cooling. Before carbonization, the rod has water content about 8%, which would be a big problem of carbonization/charring since the moisture will seriously affect the charring quality. So the moisture removal time must be guaranteed, which needs 10-15 hours for kiln and 2-3.5 hours for mechanisms kiln. Long heating time can avoid rod cracking caused by moisture, and guarantee charring quality.
When the furnace temperature reaches 300℃, there are large amounts of combustible gases generated in the furnace. Generally speaking, 3m3 methane gas can be generated from 0.5kg rod materials, which helps to heat the furnace. Or use the gases as drying heat for dryers. The temperature for calcination is above 400℃ and the furnace must be sealed with anaerobic closing fire. The cooling can be spontaneous cooling or water cooling.
After carbonization, first keep ventilation of the charcoal kiln(carbonization furnace) to prevent carbon dioxide poisoning. The charcoal should be placed outdoors more than 8 hours to complete cooling.
Matters Need Attention:
When the first lit of carbonizer or midway flameout, the fire door in the side must be opened, in case of too much combustible gas in the furnace, there may be detonation happen when lighting, cause a harm to the personal safety.